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Senegal: Millennium Water and Sanitation Program

The Senegal Millenium Water and Sanitation Program project, also known as USAID-PEPAM project aims to improve sustainable access to WSS and promote better hygiene in targeted rural, small town, and peri-urban areas of Senegal by working in four components:

  1. Strengthen participatory governance;
  2. Increase demand for sustainable water sanitation and hygiene services and products;
  3. Strengthen the capacity of small-scale service providers, the private sector, and Water Users Associations (WUAs); and
  4. Install and rehabilitate improved drinking water and sanitation infrastructure using a service delivery framework.

It is based on 5 principles:

  • Demand Driven - Communities will have direct role in deciding which technologies will best serve their needs
  • Integrated approach
  • Multi-faceted demand generation
  • Lower cost technologies where appropriate
  • Market based supply
  • Collaborative
  • Build Sustainability

The project is implemented a consortium of International and Local organizations that bring complementary expertise, experience, and skills, RTI -Research Triangle Institute, being the prime partner and Relief International/EnterpriseWorks-Vita intervening mainly in two components.

RI-EWV is the lead orgnaisation for component 2 of the project. The RI/EnterpriseWorks-VITA (RI/EWV) approach is to work with the private sector to develop their capacity to respond to demand for products and services. In addition, RI/EWV works to promote the products and services to increase the demand. Under the project RI/EWV identify the opportunities for private enterprises to respond to the needs in the rural water supply sector and provide training and support to these business to enable them to respond to demand. Businesses that are supported include: manual well drillers, well drilling tool manufacturers, pump repairers and installers, pump manufacturers, and quality controllers. Support for these businesses includes both practical and theoretical technical training, business training, as well as tools and jigs for manufacturing. The project staff provides oversight as these enterprises begin to respond to demand from this project and from other projects and from individuals and businesses for improved water sources. The quality controllers are encouraged to provide coaching to enable the well drillers and pump installers to improve their practices. The goal is to leave a viable private sector that can respond to demand in the future.

In addition, RI-EWV provides a support to the component 4 of the project (Install and rehabilitate improve drinking water and sanitation infrastructures) through:

  • Coordination with personnel working on Component 4 for the installation of demonstration water supply technology,
  • Construction supervision and quality control for well and pumps systems developed by local project-trained entrepreneurs
  • Evaluation of the suitability of locally produced technologies for WSS in rural Senegal
  • Technical inputs to a draft and final technology selection guide
  • Training of local NGOs, WUA personnel on proper O&M and contracting with local O&M service providers for wells and pumps systems developed by local project-trained entrepreneurs, in collaboration with staff from RI/EWV working on Component 3.

RI/EWV personnel provides subject-area expertise and leadership to ensure that technologies introduced to local entrepreneurs are technically consistent with the definitions of "improved services" established by the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program.